Let us guess—right when you thought you had the 411 on all the different types of acne, someone went and said the words “fungal acne” to you. Well, we have good news and bad news: The good news is that fungal acne isn’t actually real. The bad news is that there is a skin condition going around masquerading as fungal acne, so we have to address it—because since fungal acne doesn’t behave like just any acne breakout, it also can’t be treated the same way you would a pimple. But we’re here to help you separate fact from fiction and make sense of all the science, so we consulted with Chicago-based dermatologist Dr. Jessie Cheung to help you find out just what fungal acne really is, plus how to treat it.
About the Expert:
We already spoiled the big reveal: Fungal acne isn’t acne at all—it’s a misnomer. “Dermatologists refer to this as ‘pityrosporum folliculitis’; you won't find ‘fungal acne’ in the textbooks,” says Cheung. We know, we know—that was a lot of big words (and there will be more, fair warning), but stay with us. Basically, this condition gets confused for regular, bacterial acne, aka acne vulgaris, so people started calling it that. “[Fungal acne] looks like regular acne, but is due to an overgrowth of malassezia furfur, a common yeast that is also linked to seborrheic dermatitis [red, flaky scalp] and tinea versicolor [small skin infections caused by an overgrowth of yeast],” explains Cheung. And don’t worry, that yeast is a totally normal part of your skin’s microbiome; however, there is such a thing as too much of a good thing, and that’s when skin conditions can arise.
So how can you tell the difference between fungal acne and a regular old breakout? First, pay attention to how it responds to your skincare routine, most importantly your acne treatments. “Pityrosporum folliculitis should be suspected when the antibiotics used for treating acne actually make the acne worse,” says Cheung. Keep in mind location, too: “It usually presents as uniform itchy red bumps, whiteheads, and pustules on the back, chest, upper arms, and even the upper forehead, but rarely on the face,” adds Cheung.
Like our pores, our hair follicles are easily clogged. In the case of fungal acne, the follicles get clogged by yeast instead of bacteria. “This can be triggered by the use of antibiotics, sweating and humidity, immunosuppression or the use of steroids, or an increase in oil production, such as pregnancy,” explains Cheung. Moist environments (think: staying in your workout clothes a little too long) can be a culprit as well.
The key is making sure you properly diagnose your bumps, so you can, in turn, properly treat them. “A recent study found that pityrosporum folliculitis is quite common,” says Cheung. “Almost 5% of acne patients had it at some point during their acne course, and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis when treating stubborn acne.” In other words, if you’ve had pityrosporum folliculitis before, it could be related to the acne you’re experiencing today.
Traditional acne medications (such as those containing salicylic acid) won’t work on fungal acne, since they’re antibacterial rather than antifungal. Once you consult with your physician for a proper diagnosis, they’ll likely recommend common topical antifungal medications or over-the-counter skincare products to help clear up fungal acne.
EVIO Refreshing Cleansing Wipes: As far as prevention goes, remember that yeast loves sweat—so it’s never a bad idea to keep a pack of body wipes on hand, especially for after your workouts. We love how sleek and portable these packaging of these wipes is, as it slips right into any gym bag. These cloths are also made with hemp fibers and moistened with a refreshing hemp seed oil that keeps your skin soft and hydrated.
NEUTROGENA T/Gel Daily Control® 2-in-1 Dandruff Shampoo Plus Conditioner: Rinsing off with this classic pyrithione zinc formula instead of your normal cleanser will help zap yeast. Vitamin E also adds a bit of extra moisturizing goodness, so you get conditioning benefits that result in a more nourished hair and scalp.
KENRA Dandruff Shampoo: A lot of zinc dandruff shampoos can smell a little clinical, but this jasmine-infused formula makes a lovely substitute for body wash. Shake before dispensing, then lather on the gentle gel formula.
MALIN + GOETZ Dandruff Shampoo: Soothing eucalyptus, plus 1.9% pyrithione zinc, make this creamy shampoo ultra invigorating. This over-the-counter option also helps to maintain the moisture and balance of your skin while it treats any problem areas.
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